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» Map of Yala National Park
Yala is renowned for the variety of its wildlife, largely characteristic of dry zone tropical thorn forest, and its fine coastline and associated coral reefs. Larger number of important cultural ruins bears testimony to earlier civilization and indicates that much of the area was populated and well developed, with an irrigation system supplying water to the surrounding paddy fields, including those of yala.
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The Yala National Park is located in the south eastern region of sri lanka and extends over two provinces and two administrative districts as follows:
- Northern, north western and western areas of the park lie in Monaragala District in Uva province.
- South western and southern areas in Hambantota district in Southern province.
- Part of southern and the whole of the eastern and north eastern boundaries lie along the indian Ocean.
There are three regular routes from Colombo, viz.
- Along the cost via Galle, Hambantota and Tissamaharama (Approximately 293 km).
- Via Rratnapura, Pelmadulla, Embilipitiya, Hambantota and Tissamaharama (Approximately 284 km).
- Via Ratnapura, Pelmadulla, Uda Walawe, Tanamalwila and Tissamaharama (Approximately 235 km).
There is only one entrance to the park. The turn off being along the road between Tissamahara and Kirinda. The Park office is situated at Palatupana, 12km from the turn off, where a permit and a guide should be obtained before entering the park.
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» Map of Udawalawe National Park
Udawalawe National Park is renowned for its outstanding scenic beauty and wealth of faunal species, particularly mammals and birds. it has become a tourist attraction throughout the year as it is blesses with unique funa and flora while the possibility to view the elephants at close range has become another main attraction. The park serves the dual purpose of ensuring a perennial supply of silt free water to the reservoir and providing a refuge for wildlife displaced by the opening up of land for agriculture and other purposes in the lower reaches of the Walawe Ganga.
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This National Park lies both in Sabaragamuwa anmnd Uva Provinces and includes the Uda Walawe reservoir, together with much of its catchment area. Its altitudes ranges from about 100m on the plains to 373m at top of Ulgala, the highest point within the park. The park is surrounded by cultivated land.
The main entrance to the park is located at the 7th milepost on Udawale – Thanamalvila road. It can be reached from Colombo via Rathnapura, Pelmadulla and Colombage Ara junction along Pelmadulla – Embilipitya road. The total travel time from Colombo is approximately three to four hours.
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» Map of Wilpattu National Park
Wilpattu National park is among the oldest and most important of protected areas in srilanka. Its flora and fauna are representative of the dry lowland zone. It also contains a number of important cultural sites. Extension of the park to include the adjacent water is identified as a priority.
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The park lies on the northwest coast, 30 km due west of Anuradhapura, and spans the border between north western Province and North Central Province. The Moderagam Aru in the south, in the north the Kala Oya, and in the west Portugese and dutch bays and the open sea.
The Only Practical access from Colombo would be via Negombo, Chilaw and Puttalam. The turn off is at the little hamlet of Thimbiriwewa on the 28th mile post along the puttalam Anuradhapura road. The park office, where one obtains permit and a guide is at Hunuwilagama, 8 Km from the turn off.
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» Map of Wasgomuwa National Park
Wasgomuwa is unusual in its virtual lack of contemporary human disturbance and infrastructure, and its importance as a centre of ancient sri lankan culture. Being isolated by large rivers on all but its southern side, is a major advantage for management. The park probably contains more wildlife, in terms of both diversity of wild fauna and flora.
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Approximately 50Km northeast of Kandy in Polonnaruwa and Matale Districts, the park spans North Central and Central provinces. The eastern Boundary is defined by the Amban Ganga, the western and northern boundaries by the Amban Ganga and the southern boundary is formed, for the most part by the Duniwila Oya. The nearest large town is Polonnaruwa, 10 Km from the northern Boundary. The southern part of the park can be reached along a 45Km road from Hasalaka. Flood Plains National Park (171350ha) Lies immediately to the northeast, downstream from Wasgomuwa. To the north is the 7,529ha Minneriya Girithale Nature Reserve.

Turn off at Hasalaka on the Kandy-Mahiyangana road and proceed via Wilhamuwa up to Wasgomuwa.Visitors from Matale and Polonnaruwa areas can reach Wasgomuwa via Laggala And Wilgamuwa. The Wilgamuwa japan Bridge provides the easy access to visitor coming from the Mahaweli system-C. The distance from Colombo to Wasgomuwa is 225Km.

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» Map of Flood Plains National Park
This park is central to the integrity of the Mahaweli System of protected area , both for its unique “Villus” and as a corridor for wildlife migration between grazing lands in Wasgomuwa and somawathiya chaithya National parks. It is particularly important for the long – term survival of elephants within the Mahaweli catchment. Together with the adjacent somawathiya Chaitya National Park , Flood Plains National Park Provides a refuge for a wide variety of resident and migratory waterfowl species.
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The area spans the Mahaweli Ganga in Polonnaruwa district in North Central Province. The township of Manampitiya lies just outside the eastern boundary of the park, a stopover on the Batticaloa – Polonnaruwa road and on the railway which pass through the park.
The simplest approach from Colombo would be via Kurunegala, Dambulla, Habarana and Polonnaruwa. The range office is in Polonnaruwa town. This park is 233Km away from Colombo.
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» Map of Minneriya National Park
The core of this National Park is in an uninhabited area of the country’s most diverse natural system, with intermediate forest, bamboo stands, patanas and talawas. Nowhere else does it seem that such diversity is represented within a single protected area, particularly in such an intact state. The tank supports a variety of waterfowl, while being of immense socio - economics value.
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Situated 20Km north – west of polonnaruwa, Polonnaruwa District, and North Central Province. The Boundaries of national park on north, west and east are outlined by roads, Habarana polonnaruwa highway, Sigirya – Monaragaswewa and Katukeliyawa - Diyabeduma Roads respectively. The southern boundary lies along Polonnaruwa district boundary.
The practical access from Colombo would be via Habarana polonnaruwa Road (182Km). The park office and entrance arelocated at Ambagaswewa, where one obtains apermit and aguide. The closest town is Polonnaruwa 24Km away from park entrance.
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» Map of Maduru Oya National Park
This new park is designed the protect the immediate catchments of five reservoirs, developed under the Accelerated Mahaweli Development Programme. Conservation of these catchments is crucial to the success of the project. The park area provides refuge for wildlife, particularly elephants.
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The park lies between the Polonnaruwa – Batticaloa road and Mahiyangana – Padiyatalawa road in the districts of Ampara, Badulla and Polonnaruwa and spans the border between Easter and Uva Provinces. It is surrounded on the west and north by mahaweli development areas and on the west and north by Mahaweli development areas and on the south and east by teakplantations and jungle, which are subjected to repeated slash and burn practices. Main access, from the north is 25Km by road from Manampitiya, Located on the Polonnaruwa – Batticaloa highway.
The easiest and most practical route from Colombo is via Kurunegala, Dambulla, Habarana, Polonnaruwa and Manmpitiya. It is approximately 265 Km from Colombo.
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» Map of Gal Oya National Park
This park was established to protect the catchment area of the senanayake samudra, constructed as part of a development scheme to open up some 162, 00ha of forest for agricultural and industrial purposes. It is considered to be among the most scenically beautiful Landscapes in Sri Lanka. Senanayake Samudra reservoir supports an important fishery, and a valuable source of water for irrigation.
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East of the central hills of the island , it lies in the badulla district with a part of it stretching in to ampara district. It totally encompasses the greate senanayake samudra reservoir, which is not a part of the park.
The only practical routes from Colombo would be via Ratnapura, Pelmadulla, Uda walawe, Thanamalwila, Wellawaya, Moneragala and then north from Siyambalanduwa to Inginiyagala. It is approximately 300Km from Colombo.
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» Map of Horton Plains National Park
Horton Plains, its surroundings forests and the adjoining peak Wilderness, constitute Sri Lanka’s most important catchment area of almost all major rivers. The plains are also of outstanding scenic beauty and conservation importance, containing most of the habitats and endemic plants and animals representatives of the country’s wet and montane zones. The western slopes support the most extensive area of montane cloud forest surviving in the country.
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Lies about 32Km south of Nuwara Eliya in the central High lands of central Province.
Horton Plains can be reached by any of these all roads.
- Via Nuwara Eliya, Ambewela and Pattipola (32 Km)
- Via Haputhale or Welimada, Boralanda, Ohiya (38Km)
- Nwara Eliya, Hakgala, Rendapola, Ambewela, Pattipola (38Km)
Adventurous visitors can trek into the park along the Thalawakele – Agarapatana – Diyagama and Belihyoya – Nagarak trails.
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» Map of Bundala National Park
This is the first Ramsar site in Sri Lanka and it is the most important wetland for birds in sri lanka outside the Northern Province. The Lagoons of the park are among the most important wintering areas for migratory shore birds in the country, regularly accommodation over 15,000 shore birds at any one time. It is the last refuge of the greater flamingo in this part of the island, as well as being important for elephant and a variety of threatened reptiles. Dense thorny scrub provides a natural barrier to the winds that would otherwise accelerate desertification in this arid country side.
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The park lies on the southeastern coast in southern Province, about 274 Km away from Colombo. This stretches from the vicinity of Bundala village in the east to the Hambantota township in the west. Part of the northern boundary is contiguous with the A2 main road.
There are two regular routes from Colombo, viz
- Along the cost via Galle, Matara, Tangalle and Hambanthota (Approximately 256Km)
- Via Ratnapura, Pelmadulla, Embilibitiy, Hambantota (Approximately 245Km)
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» Map of Somawathiya Chaitiya National Park

Somawathiya National Park affords protection to a unique habitat, i.e. riverine villus and flood plains, as well as to the largest concentration of elephants in the country, together with the adjacent flood plains national park. Although the area has been heavily exploited, regeneration will be rapid once human activity is phased out because of the abundance of moisture and high carrying capacity of the villus. Both parks are also extremely important for migratory and resident waterfowls.

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The park spans between East Province and North – central Province in the deltoid plain of the Mahaweli ganga.
Visitor has to turn off at Polonnaruwa Hospital junction on the Polonnaruwa – Habarana Road and proceed via Sungawila up to Somawathiya Chaitiya National Park. The distance from Colombo to Somawathiya Chaithya via polonnaruwa is 262 Km.
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» Map of Yala East National Park
Together with Ruhunu National Park, Yala East National Park is renowned for the variety of its wildlife, larger characteristic of dry zone tropical thorn forest. In addition, the mangroves of Kumana provide particularly impotant habitat for birds.
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Lies on the south – east coast in eastern province, 12 Km south of Arugam Bay, and is accessible from the Wellawaya – Pottuvil Road. Contiguous to the south with Ruhunu (Yala) national park / Yala Strict Nature Reserve (126,786ha), along the Kummbukkan Oya.
There are two routes from Colombo. They fork off at Pelmadulla and meet again at wellawaya. One going via Beragala, Koslanda and the other via Thimbolketiya, Udawalawe and Thanamawila. From wellawaya the road goes through Moneragala, Pottuvil and Panama. There is only one entrance to the park from Panama through the Kudumbigala sanctuary. The park office is situated at Okande, where a permit and guide should be obtained before entering the park. From Colombo to Yala East National Park the distance is Approximately 391 Km.
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» Map of Lahugala Kithulana National Park
This park is one of Sri Lanka’s smallest but most valuable conservation areas for elephants and endemic birds.
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Park lies in the Basin of the Heda Oya, 16Km inland from the coastal town of Pottuvil in Eastern Province. The Pottuvil Moneragala trunk road runs through the south eastern sector of the park.
The route would be the same as the approach to Yala East National Park from Colombo. The routes fork off at Pelmadulla and meet again at Wellawaya, one going via Beragala, Koslada and the other via Thismbolketiya, Udawalawe and Thanamalwila. From wellawaya the route would be via Moneragala. It is approximately 318Km from Colombo. The park office is situated at lahugala.
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» Map of Lunugamvehera National Park
Lunugamvehera National Park is the immediate catchment of Lunugamvehera reservoir. The park serves as a link between the yala Protected Area Complex on its east and Udawalawe National park to its west and facilities the ranging of elephants to and from areas such as Haldummala and Koslanda in Uva and the southern region of Sri Lanka.
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This National Park falls within the divisional Secretaries’(DS) divisions of Thanamalwila, Wellwaya, Kataragama and Buttala in Moneragala district and DS division of Lunugamvehera in Hambanthta District.

The park office is situated at Lunugamvehera on Wellawaya Hambantota road. There two main access routes to the park Head quarters from Colombo.
- Via Ratnapura, Uda walawe, Thanamalwila to Lunugamvehera (Approximately 231 Km ).
- Via Hambantota Tissamaharama, Thanamalwila to Lunugamvehera (Approximately 265 Km ).
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Location Maps

- Yala (Ruhunu)
- Udawalawe
- Wilpattu
- Wasgomuwa
- Flood Plains
- Minneriya
- Maduru Oya
- Gal Oya
- Horton Plains
- Bundala
- Somawathiya Chaitiya
- Yala East
- Lahugala Kithulana
- Lunugamvehera
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